ASA Advanced Coastal Cruising Standard
Basic Keelboat Sailing, Basic Coastal Cruising,
Bareboat Chartering and Coastal Navigation
General Description: Able to safely act as
skipper and crew of a sailing vessel about 30 to 50
feet in length in coastal and inland waters, in any
Sailor has successfully demonstrated his or her
- Describe the theory of true and apparent
- Describe the theory of sailing using force
diagrams. Graphically find the center of effort
and center of resistance of sails and keel,
- Describe with the aid of diagrams the causes
of lee and weather helm and methods of
correcting them. Include the reasons for
preference of slight weather helm, sail
selection (including full sails or reefed
sails), mast position and mast rake.
- Describe sail shapes and sail interactions
as needed for different wind strengths and
points of sail. Describe the effects on sail
shape and sail interactions when adjusting the
- Identify how to use a barometer and a
thermometer either singly or together to assist
in predicting weather.
- Describe cirrus, cirrostratus, altocumulus,
stratocumulus, cumulonimbus and cumulus clouds
and the weather expected to be associated with
- Describe local weather in relation to
thermal winds and prevailing winds.
- Describe three sources of weather
information available to yachtsmen in the United
- Describe the proper selection of sails on a
given boat for all weather conditions and give
reasons for the selection made.
- Describe the appropriate heavy weather
precautions for the boat selected and describe
how they are carried out. Include sail changes,
use of special equipment (safety harness, sea
anchor), doubling up of gear, special checks in
areas liable to chafe, stowage of equipment
(above and below decks), additional checks on
condition of bilge, special arrangements for
towing dinghy/tender (if used), problems of
fatigue, selection of clothing, and the need of
at least two on deck at all times.
- Describe all the steps to be taken by
skipper and crew for "heaving to" and "lying
- Describe the methods Of rafting at anchor
and the possible problems with day and night
- Describe how to prevent the tender/dinghy
from riding up and bumping the vesselās hull
while anchored at night.
- Describe step by step how to secure a boat
overnight with one anchor and stem made fast to
the shore or dock.
- Describe two methods of using a second
anchor to reduce swinging.
- Describe four different methods of
recovering an anchor which is fouled on the
- Describe when and how to use a trip line and
an anchor buoy.
- Describe when and how to set an anchor watch
and the responsibilities of such a watch.
- Describe how to:
- Prepare a towing bridle
- Pass a tow to another boat
- Get underway with a tow and which speeds
- Avoid fouling the propeller
- Avoid danger of towline parting under
- Make proper lookout arrangements
- List from memory the visual distress signals
listed in the applicable U. S. Coast Guard
- Describe how the boat should be handled and
what actions should be taken when the following
emergencies occur while under sail-
- The boat is dismasted
- The boat runs aground on a lee shore
- Describe how the boat should be handled and
what remedial action should be taken when the
following emergencies occur while under power:
- The engine cooling water fails to flow.
- The engine fails in a crowded anchorage.
- The engine fails in a busy channel.
- State the fuel tank capacity and range of
the selected boat and thefactors that could
affect its range.
- State the water tank capacity on your boat
and the minimum water requirement per person-
- Describe the skipper's responsibilities and
action for the following common courtesies and
customs of yachtsmen:
- Permission to board.
- Permission and entitlement to come
- Permission and entitlement to cross
adjacent boats when rafted.
- Rights of first boat at an anchorage.
- Keep clear of boats racing (even though
cruising boats may be the "stand on boats").
- Offering assistance to yachtsmen in
- Flag etiquette: National flag, Courtesy
flag, Burgee/house flag, Dipping flag.
- Lines dangling over side.
- Fenders over side when underway.
- Checking of boat's appearance (shipshape
- List the documents required and the
procedures followed when leaving and entering
U.S. territorial waters.
- Describe and demonstrate the appropriate
collective measures for the following common
engine problems as applicable to the boat
- Stoppage in fuel line
- Burned and defective points
- Fouled spark plug/injector problems
- Carburetor icing (spring and fall
- Unserviceable starter
- Describe when and how to carry out an oil
change in the engine selected.
- Describe the minimum preseason maintenance
and checks given to the following:
- Hull (including underwater fittings,
electrical systems, painting, antifouling)
- Spars and rigging (including
- Describe recommended permanent and temporary
installation methods of grounding for lightning.
- State the factors you would consider before
allowing anyone to go swimming while the boat is
- State the danger of overhead power lines.
- Describe the uses, capabilities and
limitations of a portable radar reflector.
Under Sail (by Day and Night, 30 hours minimum
ASA instructional program)
A Certified Sailor has successfully
demonstrated his or her ability to:
Act as helmsman and demonstrate the proper
techniques of beating, reaching, running,
tacking, jibing, heading up, heading down
(bearing away) and luffing in approximately 20
knots of wind.
Work to weather to best advantage using wind
shifts, tides and local geography.
Sail a compass course (within 10 degrees)
with sails trimmed.
Demonstrate correct methods of towing a
Properly carry out nighttime man overboard
Demonstrate correct procedures for hoisting,
setting, trimmings, jibing, dousing and packing
Anchor, weigh anchor, pick up and cast off
moorings while acting as helmsman and/or crew.
Demonstrate how to take a sounding using two
Stand a navigation watch during a passage of
about 20 miles by night and 20 miles by day and
demonstrate all of the skills required for the
ASA Coastal Navigation Standard.
*Spinnaker work is optional. The certifying
instructor will indicate spinnaker use in the
certification box on page